modular analog synthesizer for electronic music
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 Q150  Transistor Ladder Filter

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The Q150 Transistor Ladder Filter is based on Bob Moog's famous design and provides incredible-sounding -24dB lowpass filtering which has become the standard of subtractive analog synthesis.

The cutoff frequency can be controlled manually and by control voltages from an envelope generator, oscillator, keyboard, etc. Frequency control signals can be attenuated and inverted without the need for utility modules.. Resonance (Q) of the filter can be adjusted with the front panel control. The filter will self-oscillate and track a 1V/Octave keyboard control voltage. Both -12dB and -24dB slopes are available offering a wide range of sounds. One pole and three pole responses are jumper-selectable for even more possibilities. A convenient two-channel mixer is provided for incoming audio signals.

A special feature of the Q150 is output leveling. In most ladder filters the output signal level is greatly reduced as the resonance is increased. This usually requires resetting input levels (sometimes many) when changing resonance settings and can become quite annoying. Special circuitry in the Q150 maintains constant output level at various resonance settings while keeping the harmonic content unchanged. This feature is jumper-selectable and can be deselected if identical behavior to the Moog ladder filter is desired.

MR Wrote: As a former Moog System 55 owner, I can say that the Q150 filter is as good as a 904a filter to my ears... it really is. and again before anyone wants to start a flame war... I put them side by side... and actually Rogers was a bit "cleaner" too... so dare I say, almost better.

See these Oscilloscope images comparing leveling and non-leveling.

Controls and Connectors

    Manual Frequency and Resonance Control Section
    Frequency Control
      Manually controls the filter's cutoff frequency.
    Resonance Control
      Manual control of the filter's resonance.

    Frequency Control Section
    Frequency Level Controls

      Allows adjustment of the cutoff frequency control input.
      One control provides inversion.
    Frequency Control Inputs
      Voltage control of the filter's cutoff frequency.
    1 Volt/Octave Frequency Control Input
      Voltage control of the filter's cutoff frequency at a fixed 1V/Octave.
      Normally used to track the keyboard.

    Signal Input Section
    Signal Inputs

      Signal to be filtered.
    Signal Input Level Controls
      Allows attenuation of the input signals.

    Output Section

      Allows selection of -12dB or -24db slope.
    Low Pass Output
      Filtered output signal where high frequencies are attenuated.

Panel Size:  Dual width 4.25"w x 8.75"h.
Low Pass Slope:  -12dB/Oct or -24dB/Oct.
Cutoff Frequency:  1/V per Octave and adjustable.
Resonance (Q):  1 to self-oscillation.
Frequency Range:  20hz to 20khz.
Power:  +15V@30ma, -15V@30ma.
Waveform Levels:  10V PP.

$189.00 US.

John Wrote: I can say as someone who owns legions of Moog records that it sounds for all the world like a classic Moog LPF

q150a.mp3 (37k) -24dB sweep with lots of resonance
q150b.mp3 (40k) -24dB sweep, sine modulation, medium resonance
q150c.mp3 (42k) Self-oscillation
q150d.mp3 (114k) -24db very low notes
q150e.mp3 (76k) -24db mega sine modulation, high resonance
q150f.mp3 (127k) -12db high resonance

Usage and Patch Tips

Most waveforms contain many different frequencies. When an oscillator produces a sawtooth waveform, it can be thought of as a single sine wave, and additional sine waves which are at multiples of the fundamental frequency and are at lower amplitudes. These additional frequencies are called harmonics and different waveforms have different amounts. The Q150 Filter changes the way a waveform sounds by attenuating (lowering the amplitude) of these harmonics. This effect is especially useful when changing over time. The frequency at which attenuation starts (or close enough) is called the cutoff frequency. Cutoff frequency can be controlled manually or by voltage control. Resonance (also known as Q, Regeneration, or Emphasis) has the affect of enhancing frequencies near the cutoff frequency.

Frequency Control
The frequency control gives you about 10 octaves of cutoff frequency response. The control inputs are added to the manual control's value to create the final cutoff frequency. All of these signals work together at the same time to set the filter's cutoff frequency.

It's very common to have your filter track the keyboard so that the response is the same over all frequencies. This is accomplished by using the 1V/Octave frequency control input. Simply patch your keyboard pitch voltage into a multiple then out to your oscillators and to the filter.

The other frequency control inputs normally come from an Envelope Generator or from an Oscillator. You can attenuate, amplify or invert the incoming control signal right on the filter instead of having to use another module. The 0 to +5 volt outputs of the Q109 Envelope Generator will give you a total of 10 octaves of range when the attenuator is full on.

The Sequential Controller can also be used to control the filter frequency. You could use one bank to control an oscillator and another to control the filter at the same time.

Resonance Control
Resonance is the emphasis of frequencies near the cutoff frequency and has a great affect on the sound. The range of the resonance control is very large. If you have too much resonance the filter might oscillate and clip. We let you decide if this is good or not. You can increase the maximum resonance possible by turning down the input signal level control so that there is more room for resonance without clipping.

Turning the resonance to maximum without an input signal will cause the filter to self-oscillate. This allows the filter to act like an oscillator creating a very pure sine wave.

Signal Inputs
There are 2 signal inputs which are mixed together - both are adjustable. Normally you will adjust the input levels to 50% or less to allow larger resonance peaks.

The output is available at the bottom of the module. A switch allows selection of -12dB or -24dB slopes. Traditionally ladder filters have had -24dB slopes but we are also offering the -12dB slope to give you even more sound possibilities.

A sine wave has almost no harmonics and will only respond to the filter by lowering its amplitude. Sawtooth and Ramp waveforms have the most harmonics and respond quite nicely to filtering. Square and Pulse waveforms also have a great deal of harmonics and respond well to filtering.

Noise and Hum
Filters are especially noisy and susceptible to interference and hum from the power supply. Place the module as far away from the power supply as possible for lower hum.

A typical synthesizer patch will have a VCA (Q108) as the final module. This has the effect of gating off noise in the modules up the chain including the filter. If you use the filter as the final output without a VCA, much more noise will be heard.

It's also important to remember that the outputs of a modular synthesizer are designed to be very hot (10 volts peak-peak or more) in order to improve the signal to noise ratio, so turn down the outboard equipment (mixers, etc) and turn up the output levels of the synthesizer for best results.


Bob Moog and Ladder Filter Information

Moog Patent Information by Don Tillman
Bob Moog's Big Briar Company
Moog Archives by Roger Luther
Moog article at "120 Years of Electronic Music"


David Wrote: The Q150 Ladder Filter just arrived. Excellent! That 24db slope is a great complement to the Q107. The two filters do respond differently. Every one should get both.

Read John Mitchell's Q150 Review.

End of Product Information